Forberedelse af fremtiden: et review af redskaber og strategier til understøttelse af selvstændig målsætning for børn og unge med autismespektrumforstyrrelser

Kategori: Review: medinddragelse

Review af redskaber til indragelse af børn og unge i målsætning for rehabilitering

Emneord: © 2011 ABAforum

Hodgetts, S. and E. Park (2016). Preparing for the future: a review of tools and strategies to support autonomous goal setting for children and youth with autism spectrum disorders. Disability and rehabilitation, [Epub ahead of print](), .

PURPOSE: Despite recognized benefits, current clinical practice rarely includes direct input from children and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in setting rehabilitation goals. This study reviews tools and evidence-based strategies to assist with autonomous goal settings for children and youth with ASD. METHOD: This study included two components: (1) A scoping review of existing tools and strategies to assist with autonomous goal setting in individuals with ASD and (2) a chart review of inter-disciplinary service plan goals for children and youth with ASD. RESULTS: Eleven data sources, evaluating five different tools to assist with autonomous goal setting for children and youth with ASD, were found. Three themes emerged from the integration of the scoping review and chart review, which are discussed in the paper: (1) generalizability of findings, (2) adaptations to support participation and (3) practice implications. CONCLUSIONS: Children and youth with ASD can participate in setting rehabilitation goals, but few tools to support their participation have been evaluated, and those tools that do exist do not align well with current services foci. Visual aids appear to be one effective support, but further research on effective strategies for meaningful engagement in autonomous goal setting for children and youth with ASD is warranted. Implications for rehabilitation Persons with ASD are less self-determined than their peers. Input into one's own rehabilitation goals and priorities is an important component of self-determination. Few tools exist to help engage children and youth with ASD in setting their own rehabilitation goals. An increased focus on identifying, developing and evaluating effective tools and strategies to facilitate engagement of children and youth with ASD in setting their own rehabilitation goals is warranted.

Redaktionen / 08.04.2016