Brugen af Picture Exchange Communication System til forebyggende tandpleje hos personer med autismespektrumforstyrrelse: en pilotundersøgelse

Kategori: Gruppestudier

PECS kan facilitere tandlægers kommunikation med børn og unge med autisme i behandlingssituationer

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Zink, A.G., M.B. Diniz, M.T. Rodrigues Dos Santos and R.O. Guare (2016). Use of a Picture Exchange Communication System for preventive procedures in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: pilot study. Special care in dentistry, [Epub ahead of print,9(), .

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in order to facilitate patient-professional communication during preventive procedures. In this study, 26 patients with ASD, between 5 and 19 years of age (10+/-3.3 y), were divided into two groups: G1 (n = 13) with no previous experience of dental treatment, and G2 (n = 13), with such previous experience. The initial approach followed the principles of the Son-Rise Program(R). The seven PECSs presented the routine of the dental office: "room," "ground," "chair," "dentist," "mouth," "low," and "triple." Each PEC was used up to three times in order to acquire the skill proposed. It was verified that G2 required a greater number of times to achieve the acceptance of PECS "ground," "dentist," "mouth," and "triple" (p < .05). We concluded that PECS facilitated patient-professional communication during preventive procedures, including for ASD patients with previous dental experience.

Redaktionen / 04.05.2016