Langsigtede resultater for børn med autisme, som var i tidlig, intensiv, adfærdsmæssige behandling

Kategori: Gruppestudier

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McEachin, J.J., T. Smith and O.I. Lovaas (1993). Long-Term Outcome for Children With Autism Who Received Early Intensive Behavioral Treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97(4), 359-372.

After a very intensive behavioral intervention, an experimental group (EXG) of 19 preschool-age children with autism achieved less restrictive school placements and higher IQs than a control group (CTG) of 19 similar children by age 7 . A follow-up of this finding assessed the EXG at mean age of 13 yrs and the CTG at mean age of 10 yrs. Results show that the EXG preserved its gains over the CTG. The 9 experimental Ss who had achieved the best outcomes at age 7 received particularly extensive evaluations indicating that 8 of them were indistinguishable from average children on tests of intelligence and adaptive behavior. Thus, behavioral treatment may produce long-lasting and significant gains for many young children with autism.

Redaktionen / 25.10.2009